Columbus city, Ohio

USA > Ohio > Columbus city

Columbus city, Ohio

Columbus city, Ohio
Nickname(s):The Discovery City, Arch City, Indie Art Capital, Cowtown, The Biggest Small Town In America
- Total:787.033 (2010)
- Density:3.610,2/sq mi (1.397,9/sq km)
Area code(s):614
Time zone:EST (UTC-5)
Summer Time zone:EDT (UTC-4)
- Total:224 sq mi (579 sq km)
- Land:218 sq mi (563 sq km)
- Water:7 sq mi (16 sq km)
- % water:2,76 %

Quick information summary of the Columbus city area.

Columbus city is located in the state of Ohio. It occupies the area of 224 square miles. 7 square miles are water areas and 218 square miles remain for land areas. Center of the Columbus city lies at +39.9847989, -082.9850438 coordinates. According to the 2010 Census, there are 787.033 living in the Columbus city. The racial makeup shows these 3 races as the most frequent : White (61.46%), Black or African American (27.98%) and Asian (4.06%). Median age is 31 for the males and 32 for the females.

Columbus is the capital and the largest city in Ohio. With a population of 787,033, it is the sixteenth-largest city in the United States and the fourth most populous state capital. It was founded in 1812 and named after Christopher Columbus.

Columbus is often called “The Biggest Small Town in America,” The Discovery City,” “Arch City,” “Indie Art Capital” and “Cowtown.”

The city is located at the junction of Scioto and Olentangy rivers. It occupies an area of 212.6 square miles and lies in the Eastern Time Zone (UTC-5).

Click here to read the full detailed Columbus city profile

Statistical data for the Columbus city based on the 2010 U.S. Census

Racial makeup

White alone
483,67761.46 %
Black or African American alone
220,24127.98 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
2,1050.27 %
Asian alone
31,9654.06 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
5120.07 %
Some Other Race alone
22,4472.85 %
Two or More races
26,0863.31 %

Profile of the Columbus city

History of Columbus

The area of present-day Columbus was initially part of the Ohio Country, under the French rule. The area was ceded to the British Empire with the Treaty of Paris in 1763. After the American Revolution, it was part of the Virginia Military District. When the colonists from eastern United States moved to the area, they found it was already inhabited by various Native American tribes and also by the European fur traders. The first settlement at the site of the future city of Columbus was founded in 1797 and called Franklinton, after Benjamin Franklin.

When Ohio became a U.S. state in 1802, the capital moved between Chillicothe and Zanesville. It was clear that the state needed a new, permanent capital, and a more central one. A site across the river from Franklinton was chosen in 1812 and named Columbus, after Christopher Columbus. The first years of the new city were difficult, with frequent fever and cholera epidemics. When the National Road reached the city in 1831, it connected it with the Ohio and Erie Canal, which prompted a population boom. A lot of immigrants came from Europe, especially the Irish and the German, and formed two distinct enclaves. Columbus was chartered as a city in 1834. In 1850 and 1851 the city got its first railroads - Columbus and Xenia Railroad and Cleveland, Columbus and Cincinnati Railroad. The Ohio Statehouse was completed in 1857.

During the Civil War, Columbus was a major Union Army base with the Camp Chase where the Confederate prisoners of war were held. After the war and until the end of the 19th century Columbus saw the rise of many manufacturing business and became known as the “Buggy Capital of the World” with more than 20 buggy companies. Breweries and steel industry were also on the rise. During that time, Columbus was one of the nation’s largest centers of organized labor.

In the 20th century, the city was the site of the “Columbus Experiment” which involved the construction of first water plant in the city with filtration and softening systems. At the time, Columbus became known as “The Arch City” due to a number of wooden arches across the streets that provided street illumination. The arches were replaced with modern cluster lights in 1914 but then reconstructed again in 2002 because of their historical value.

In 1913, the neighborhood of Franklinton was struck by a devastating flood that killed more than ninety people.

In the second half of the 20th century, Columbus experienced rapid suburban development with led to a downfall of the downtown area.

Geography and Climate

Downtown Columbus lies just east of the confluence of Scioto and Olentangy rivers. Smaller bodies of water in the city include Big Walnut Creek, Alum Creek and Darby Creek. The city lies at 902 feet and its topography is relatively flat.

The climate in Columbus is between humid continental and humid subtropical. The winters are cold and dry and the summers are hot and muggy. Snowfall is usually light. As a typical Midwestern city, Columbus is susceptible to severe weather, such as thunderstorms, hail and tornadoes.


In 2010, the racial makeup in the city was 59.3% Non-Hispanic Whites, 28% African Americans, 5.6% Hispanics or Latinos, 4.1% Asians, 0.3% Native Americans, 0.1% Pacific Islanders and 3.3% two or more races. The largest ancestry groups are German, Irish, English, Polish and Italian. The average household income in Columbus in 2010 was $37,897 and the per capita income was $20,450.

Columbus has a large LGBT community (34,952 gay, lesbian or bisexual residents) and it is often considered to be one of the best cities in the USA for the LGBT population.

Economy of Columbus

The city has a strong, growing and diverse economy, which relies mostly on education, banking, financial services, insurance, healthcare, energy, defense, aviation, logistics, retail, hospitality and technology. Some of the major national or international corporations based in Columbus include Nationwide Mutual Insurance Company, American Electric Power, Limited Brands, Big Lots and Momentive Specialty Chemicals.

Culture and Landmarks

Important landmarks in Columbus include the Greek Revival-style State Capitol, the art deco Ohio Judicial Center, LeVeque Tower, Rhodes State Office Tower, One Nationwide Plaza, replica of the Christopher Columbus’ ship Santa Maria and Franklin Park.

The most important museums in the city include the Columbus Museum of Art, Wexner Center for the Arts, the Kelton House Museum and Garden and Center of Science and Industry.

Columbus is the home to the Columbus Symphony Orchestra, Opera Columbus, Columbus Jazz Orchestra and Actors Theatre of Columbus.

The city hosts a number of annual and seasonal events, such as Ohio State Fair, ComFest, Gay Pride Parade, Doo Dah Parade and Gallery Hop.

Columbus also has a good dating scene, especially for women.


Professional sports franchises in Columbus include the NHL’s Columbus Blue Jackets, the MLS’s Columbus Crew and Minor League Baseball’s Columbus Clippers. The city also hosts the annual Arnold Classic, a fitness expo hosted by Arnold Schwarzenegger.


Columbus has two public colleges: The Ohio State University (one of the largest campuses in the United States) and Columbus State Community College. Private institutions of higher education in the city and the surrounding area include Columbus College of Art and Design, DeVry University, Fortis College, Ohio Business College and Franklin University.


The city is bisected by two interstate highways: I-70 and I-71. Other major highways include U.S. Highway 40, U.S. Highway 23, U.S. Highway 33, the Interstate 270 Outerbelt and State Route 315. Major bridges include Main Street Bridge, Lane Avenue Bridge and Rich Street Bridge.

The primary airport in the city is Port Columbus International Airport, with service to Toronto, Cancun and almost all major domestic destinations.

As for the passenger rail service, Columbus currently does not have any and it is the largest U.S. metropolitan area without local or intercity rail service.

Statistical data for the Columbus city

Data Source : US Census Bureau

Racial makeup

White alone
483,67761.46 %
Black or African American alone
220,24127.98 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
2,1050.27 %
Asian alone
31,9654.06 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
5120.07 %
Some Other Race alone
22,4472.85 %
Two or More races
26,0863.31 %

Hispanic or Latino Origin

Not Hispanic or Latino
742,67494.36 %
Hispanic or Latino
44,3595.64 %

Hispanic or Latino Origin by Race

Not Hispanic or Latino
742,67494.36 %
White alone
466,61562.83 %
Black or African American alone
217,69429.31 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
1,6430.22 %
Asian alone
31,7344.27 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
4620.06 %
Some Other Race alone
2,0320.27 %
Two or More races
22,4943.03 %
Hispanic or Latino
44,3595.64 %
White alone
17,06238.46 %
Black or African American alone
2,5475.74 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
4621.04 %
Asian alone
2310.52 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
500.11 %
Some Other Race alone
20,41546.02 %
Two or More races
3,5928.10 %

Median Age by Sex

Both sexes

Household Type

Family households
176,03753.09 %
Husband-wife family
106,15560.30 %
Other family
69,88239.70 %
Male householder, no wife present
17,04824.40 %
Female householder, no husband present
52,83475.60 %
Nonfamily households
155,56546.91 %
Householder living alone
116,38274.81 %
Householder not living alone
39,18325.19 %

Geographical and Cultural Features and Landmarks in the Columbus city - including Historical Features

Distance is calculated from the Columbus city center coordinates

Distance limit:

Random list of Geographic Features located within the radius of 3 miles from the Columbus city center


  • Saint Anthony Medical Center Heliport [1.56 mi] [2.51 km]
  • Ohio Center Heliport [1.23 mi] [1.98 km]


  • Central Ohio Fire Museum [1.32 mi] [2.12 km]
  • Columbus Correctional Facility (historical) [1.69 mi] [2.73 km]
  • Martin Luther King Library [1.68 mi] [2.71 km]
  • Davidson Hall [1.14 mi] [1.84 km]
  • Madison Hall [1.12 mi] [1.81 km]
  • Rhodes Hall [1.12 mi] [1.8 km]
  • Aquinas Hall [1.1 mi] [1.77 km]
  • Columbus Division of Fire Station 8 Herman Harrison Fire Station [1.42 mi] [2.28 km]
  • Columbus Division of Fire Station 1 and 9 Union Station Engine House [1.24 mi] [2 km]
  • Eibling Hall [1.09 mi] [1.75 km]
  • Nestor Hall [1.09 mi] [1.76 km]
  • Franklin Hall [1.06 mi] [1.71 km]
  • Union Hall [1.06 mi] [1.7 km]
  • Stein Memorial Library [3.23 mi] [5.2 km]
  • YMCA [1.8 mi] [2.89 km]
  • Ohio Center [1.3 mi] [2.09 km]
  • Columbus Hall [1.02 mi] [1.64 km]
  • Delaware Hall [1.01 mi] [1.63 km]
  • Franklin County Engineering Department [2.94 mi] [4.73 km]
  • Martin Luther King Center [1.01 mi] [1.62 km]
  • Union Station [1.2 mi] [1.94 km]
  • Columbus Junior Theatre [1.31 mi] [2.12 km]
  • Mount Carmel Connection [3.56 mi] [5.73 km]


  • Rehoboth Temple [1.35 mi] [2.17 km]
  • Centenary United Methodist Church [1.24 mi] [1.99 km]
  • Saint Patricks Church [1.17 mi] [1.89 km]
  • Calhouns Memorial Temple Church [1.39 mi] [2.24 km]
  • Saint Philip Lutheran Church [1.67 mi] [2.68 km]
  • Church of Universal Forces [1.24 mi] [2 km]
  • Second Baptist Church [1.18 mi] [1.9 km]
  • Bethany Presbyterian Church [1.13 mi] [1.82 km]
  • Hebron Baptist Church [1.24 mi] [1.99 km]
  • Bexley United Methodist Church [3.1 mi] [4.99 km]
  • Agudas Achim Congregation [3.23 mi] [5.2 km]
  • Woodland Christian Church [1.76 mi] [2.83 km]
  • Bethel Baptist Church [1.05 mi] [1.69 km]
  • Shiloh Baptist Church [0.97 mi] [1.56 km]
  • Inner Soul Gospel Church [1.03 mi] [1.65 km]
  • Saint Philips Episcopal Church [1.77 mi] [2.84 km]
  • Asbury United Methodist Church [1.61 mi] [2.59 km]
  • Faith Mission United Methodist Church [1.11 mi] [1.79 km]
  • Emmanuel Tabernacle Baptist Church [0.96 mi] [1.54 km]
  • Church of the Living God [0.94 mi] [1.52 km]
  • Union Grove Baptist Church [1.28 mi] [2.06 km]
  • Eastminster Church [3.63 mi] [5.84 km]
  • Temple Beth Shalom [3.63 mi] [5.84 km]
  • Mount Vernon African Methodist Episcopal Church [1.11 mi] [1.79 km]
  • Holy Church of God [1.37 mi] [2.21 km]
  • Meredith Temple Church of God in Christ [1.1 mi] [1.77 km]
  • Mount Calvary Holy Church [1.17 mi] [1.88 km]
  • Greek Orthodox Church of the Annunciation [1.28 mi] [2.06 km]
  • Gospel Tabernacle Church [1.13 mi] [1.83 km]
  • Church of God and Saint of Christ [1.15 mi] [1.86 km]
  • Mount Vernon Avenue Missionary Baptist Church [1.27 mi] [2.04 km]
  • Trinity Baptist Church [0.76 mi] [1.22 km]
  • Neil Avenue United Methodist Church [1.52 mi] [2.44 km]


  • Interchange 109C [1.06 mi] [1.71 km]
  • Interchange 109B [0.89 mi] [1.43 km]
  • Interchange 3 [1.54 mi] [2.49 km]
  • Interchange 2D [1.83 mi] [2.95 km]
  • Interchange 2C [2.08 mi] [3.34 km]


  • The Ohio State University Hospitals East [1.53 mi] [2.47 km]


  • Nationwide Arena [1.65 mi] [2.66 km]
  • Dublin Road Water Treatment Plant [2.82 mi] [4.53 km]
  • Mount Vernon Plaza Shopping Center [1.03 mi] [1.66 km]


  • Sensenbrenner Park [1.44 mi] [2.32 km]
  • Mayme Moore Park [0.99 mi] [1.6 km]
  • Beatty Park [1.2 mi] [1.93 km]
  • North Market Historic District [1.33 mi] [2.14 km]
  • Jeffery Park [2.38 mi] [3.83 km]
  • Goodale Park [1.36 mi] [2.19 km]

Populated Place

  • Bexley [2.74 mi] [4.4 km]

Post Office

  • Bexley Post Office (historical) [2.74 mi] [4.4 km]


  • Columbus School for Girls [2.69 mi] [4.34 km]
  • Columbus State Community College [1.12 mi] [1.8 km]
  • Saint Patricks School [1.15 mi] [1.86 km]
  • Balletmet Dance Academy [1.16 mi] [1.86 km]
  • Saint Charles Seminary [2.27 mi] [3.65 km]
  • Columbus Community College [1.08 mi] [1.74 km]
  • Agudas Achim School [3.22 mi] [5.18 km]
  • Garfield School [1.04 mi] [1.68 km]
  • Champion Alternative Middle School [1.35 mi] [2.17 km]
  • Fort Hayes Career Center [0.81 mi] [1.3 km]
  • Academy Kids Learning Center [1.66 mi] [2.68 km]
  • Monroe Junior High School [0.83 mi] [1.33 km]
  • Eastgate Elementary School (historical) [1.9 mi] [3.06 km]
  • Felton School [0.78 mi] [1.26 km]
  • Saint Dominic School [0.89 mi] [1.44 km]


  • WNCI-FM (Columbus) [1.41 mi] [2.27 km]
  • WBNS Radio Tower [1.55 mi] [2.49 km]
  • WCOL-FM (Columbus) [2.44 mi] [3.93 km]
  • WCMH-TV (Columbus) [2.44 mi] [3.93 km]
  • WBNS-FM (Columbus) [2.45 mi] [3.94 km]
  • WLVQ-FM (Columbus) [2.45 mi] [3.94 km]
  • WSNY-FM (Columbus) [2.45 mi] [3.94 km]
  • WMGG-FM (Columbus) [2.45 mi] [3.94 km]
  • WXMX-FM (Upper Arlington) [2.45 mi] [3.94 km]
  • WBNS-TV (Columbus) [2.45 mi] [3.94 km]

Photos from the Columbus city

Photos provided by Panoramio. Photos are under the copyright of their owners.

Photos on Map - Columbus city, Ohio

Map of Columbus city, Ohio

Current weather situation in the Columbus city

City Alias ZIP Codes
ColumbusBank One43271
ColumbusColumbus43231, 43229, 43228, 43227, 43226, 43224, 43223, 43222, 43230, 43221, 43220, 43219, 43232, 43291, 43234, 43287, 43279, 43272, 43271, 43270, 43268, 43266, 43260, 43251, 43240, 43236, 43235, 43218, 43217, 43207, 43212, 43211, 43204, 43203, 43210, 43213, 43202, 43201, 43206, 43209, 43214, 43085, 43215, 43216, 43205
ColumbusEddie Bauer Co43291
ColumbusGrandview Heights43212
ColumbusHuntington National Bank43268, 43287, 43260
ColumbusLincoln Village Fin Unit43228
ColumbusMain Office Box Brm43272
ColumbusMarble Cliff43212
ColumbusMount Air43085
ColumbusNational City Bank43251
ColumbusNew Rome43228
ColumbusOhio Dept Of Taxation43270
ColumbusRickenbacker Air Force Base43217
ColumbusSan Margherita43204
ColumbusShared Zip Code43279
ColumbusState Departments Of Ohio43266
ColumbusUpper Arlington43221, 43212, 43220
ColumbusUpper Arlngtn43212, 43221, 43220
ColumbusVictorias Secret43219
Columbus GroveCols Grove45830
Columbus GroveColumbus Grove45830
Columbus GroveColumbus Grv45830

Are you from Columbus city or have to say something about this place?