Chicago city, Illinois

USA > Illinois > Chicago city

Chicago city, Illinois

Chicago city, Illinois
Nickname(s):The Windy City, The Second City, Chi-Town, Chi-City, Hog Butcher for the World, City of Big Shoulders, The City That Works, White City
Founded:1770
Incorporated:March 4, 1837
Population
- Total:2.695.598 (2010)
- Density:11.822,8/sq mi (4.568,8/sq km)
Area code(s):312, 773, 872
Time zone:CST (UTC-6)
Summer Time zone:CDT (UTC-5)
Website:www.cityofchicago.org
Area
- Total:235 sq mi (607 sq km)
- Land:228 sq mi (590 sq km)
- Water:7 sq mi (17 sq km)
- % water:2,80 %
Latitude:+41.8375511
Longitude:-087.6818441

Quick information summary of the Chicago city area.

Chicago city is located in the state of Illinois. It occupies the area of 235 square miles. 7 square miles are water areas and 228 square miles remain for land areas. Center of the Chicago city lies at +41.8375511, -087.6818441 coordinates. According to the 2010 Census, there are 2.695.598 living in the Chicago city. The racial makeup shows these 3 races as the most frequent : White (44.99%), Black or African American (32.93%) and Some Other Race (13.37%). Median age is 32 for the males and 34 for the females.

Chicago is a city in the U.S. state of Illinois. With approximately 2.7 million residents, it is not only the most populous city in Illinois but also the third-most populous city in the United States. Its greater metropolitan area, often called “Chicagoland” has 9.8 million people, which makes it the third-largest metro area in the States, right behind New York and Los Angeles.

The city is located on shores of Lake Michigan. It is known by many nicknames, from “Windy City” and “Chi-Town” to “City of Big Shoulders” and “Hog Butcher of the World.” One of the mottos of Chicago is “Make Big Plans (Make No Small Plans).”

Chicago is a global power center, an important finance, industry, trade and transportation hub, with the fourth-highest GDP in the world, after Tokyo, New York and Los Angeles.

Residents of Chicago are called Chicagoans. The city lies in the Central Time Zone (UTC-6).

Click here to read the full detailed Chicago city profile

Statistical data for the Chicago city based on the 2010 U.S. Census

Racial makeup

Total
2,695,598
White alone
1,212,83544.99 %
Black or African American alone
887,60832.93 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
13,3370.49 %
Asian alone
147,1645.46 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
1,0130.04 %
Some Other Race alone
360,49313.37 %
Two or More races
73,1482.71 %

Click here to see many more graphs and stats tables for this area

Population break-up based on Counties and Subdivisions in the area

Counties Subdivisions
County (whole county) Chicago city part within the County Subdivision (whole subdivision) Chicago city part within the Subdivision
Cook County 5.194.675- Chicago city part2.695.598
Chicago city 2.695.598- Chicago city part2.695.598- Chicago city part0
DuPage County 916.924- Chicago city part0
Chicago city 0- Chicago city part2.695.598- Chicago city part0

Profile of the Chicago city

History of Chicago

The city was first settled in 1770s. Before the arrival of the Europeans, the area was inhabited by Native American tribe called Potawatomi. The land used to belong to the native tribes and in 1795 it was ceded to the U.S. Army, who built a military post there. The town of Chicago was organized in 1833 and at the time it had only around 200 inhabitants. The name derived from the French interpretation of the Indian word “shikaakwa,” meaning “wild onion.”

Chicago benefited on the fact it was positioned between eastern and western United States and soon became a major transportation hub. Its growth was boosted by the opening of the Galena and Chicago Union Railroad and the Illinois and Michigan Canal. The population increased with the arrival of foreign immigrants and residents of rural zones in the Midwest and the industry was based on manufacturing and retail industry, especially meatpacking.

In the second half of the 19th century, Chicago underwent a series of infrastructure projects aimed to improve some of the serious issues in the city, such as sewerage and flooding. In 1871, it was struck by the Great Chicago Fire, which destroyed large central portions of the city. The world’s first skyscraper (Home Insurance Building) was built in 1885. In 1893 the city hosted the World’s Columbian Exposition and the University of Chicago was founded in 1892. By the turn of the century, the majority of the Chicago’s population were foreign-born, especially Germans, Irish, Czechs, Poles and Swedes.

In the 1920s, Chicago was one of the largest centers of organized crime, with gangsters such as Al Capone who came to prominence during the Prohibition Era. The same period, however, saw large industrial expansion and a new population boost provided by the Great Migration of blacks from the South. The 1950s in Chicago were marked by activities of the civil rights movement and also by numerous and often violent riots. Some of the most famous landmarks in Chicago, such as the Sears Tower, the University of Illinois in Chicago and O’Hare Airport, were completed in the 1950s and 1960s.

Geography and Climate

Chicago is located in the Midwestern USA, in the Great Lakes region, on the southwestern shores of the Lake Michigan. Other bodies of water include the Chicago and the Calumet rivers. Chicago is a city of neighborhoods. The central business district is known as the Chicago Loop. The main sections in the city are Downtown (with the Loop), the North Side, the South Side and the West Side. The city has a busy waterfront, with many parks and more than two dozen beaches. In addition, more than one-third of the city population is concentrated in the neighborhoods along the lakefront.

Population of Chicago

According to the 2010 U.S. Census, Chicago has 2,695,598 inhabitants. The racial makeup is 32.9% African American, 31.7% non-Hispanic White, 28.9% Hispanic, 5.5% Asian, 0.5% American Indian, 13.4% from some other race and 2.7% biracial.

Chicago has many ethnic and national communities. The largest ancestry groups are Irish, German, Polish, Italian, Assyrian, English, followed by African, Russian, Filipino, Swedish, French, Arab, Greek, Dutch, Norwegian, Scottish, West Indian, Ukrainian, Lithuanian, Slovak, Hungarian, Welsh, Czech, Serbian, Bosnian and others.

Politically, Chicago has had a long tradition of socialist, labor and anarchist organizations. Through much of the 20th century, the city has been a Democratic stronghold, both in the local politics and on the national level.

Economy

As mentioned above, Chicago has the third-largest GMP in the United States. Because its economy is diversified, it is also one of the most economically balanced and stable cities in the nation. It has the second-largest central business district in the USA and it is home to major exchanges and companies such as Chicago Stock Exchange, Chicago Mercantile Exchange, CME Group and Chase Bank. Major Chicago-based companies in other sectors include Boeing, McDonalds, Kraft Foods, United Continental Holdings, Abbott Laboratories, Groupon and many more.

Chicago is also a major convention destination (McCormick Place being the city’s largest convention center) and ranks third in number of conventions it hosts each year.

Culture and Attractions in Chicago

The city has a very rich cultural life. Theatre plays an important part in the culture of Chicago, with troupes such as Steppenwolf Theatre Company, the Goodman Theatre and an array of improvisational theatre companies (The Second City and the I.O) and many Broadway-style theatres.

Chicago is home to one of the best orchestras in the world, the Chicago Symphony Orchestra, performing at Symphony Center. It is also home of the Lyric Opera of Chicago and the Lithuanian Opera Company of Chicago.

The city has a number of outdoor art pieces by famous international artists such as Joan Miro, Anish Kapoor, Picasso, Calder, Chagall and Plensa.

Chicago has played a large part in development of jazz, blues, soul and gospel, creating new sub-genres such as Chicago blues and Chicago jazz. In the 1980s, it was one of the major international centers for industrial, punk and new wave music and in 1990s it has a vibrant alternative music scene. The city today hosts some of the most relevant music festivals in the world, such as Lollapalooza and Pitchfork Music Festival.

Some of the major attractions, landmarks and sites of interest in Chicago include Willis Tower (formerly Sears Tower), Home Insurance Building, the Merchandise Mart, the Fine Arts Building, the Robie House, the historic Chicago Cultural Center, Grant Park with Millennium Park, Buckingham Fountain and Art Institute of Chicago, Navy Pier with its famous Ferris Wheel, the Museum Campus with the Shedd Aquarium, the Field Museum of National History and Adler Planetarium and Astronomy Museum, and many more.

Major daily newspapers in Chicago are the Chicago Tribune and the Chicago Sun-Times.

Education and Sports

Chicago is a major global center of higher education and research. Some of the most prestigious institutions are The University of Chicago, Northwestern University, Illinois Institute of Technology, Loyola University Chicago, DePaul University and University of Illinois at Chicago.

In sports, Chicago is home to Major League Baseball’s the Chicago Cubs and Chicago White Sox, the NFL’s Chicago Bears, the NBA’s Chicago Bulls and the NHL’s Chicago Blackhawks.

Transportation

Chicago is one of the largest passenger rail hubs in the USA. Amtrak’s long distance services originate from Chicago’s Union Station. The city is served by O’Hare International Airport, the second-busiest airport in the world, and by Midway International Airport.

Statistical data for the Chicago city

Data Source : US Census Bureau

Racial makeup

Total
2,695,598
White alone
1,212,83544.99 %
Black or African American alone
887,60832.93 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
13,3370.49 %
Asian alone
147,1645.46 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
1,0130.04 %
Some Other Race alone
360,49313.37 %
Two or More races
73,1482.71 %

Hispanic or Latino Origin

Total
2,695,598
Not Hispanic or Latino
1,916,73671.11 %
Hispanic or Latino
778,86228.89 %

Hispanic or Latino Origin by Race

Total
2,695,598
Not Hispanic or Latino
1,916,73671.11 %
White alone
854,71744.59 %
Black or African American alone
872,28645.51 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
4,0970.21 %
Asian alone
144,9037.56 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
5570.03 %
Some Other Race alone
4,2270.22 %
Two or More races
35,9491.88 %
Hispanic or Latino
778,86228.89 %
White alone
358,11845.98 %
Black or African American alone
15,3221.97 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
9,2401.19 %
Asian alone
2,2610.29 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
4560.06 %
Some Other Race alone
356,26645.74 %
Two or More races
37,1994.78 %

Median Age by Sex

Both sexes
33
Male
32
Female
34

Household Type

Total
1,045,560
Family households
576,79355.17 %
Husband-wife family
334,30357.96 %
Other family
242,49042.04 %
Male householder, no wife present
57,52423.72 %
Female householder, no husband present
184,96676.28 %
Nonfamily households
468,76744.83 %
Householder living alone
365,63878.00 %
Householder not living alone
103,12922.00 %

Geographical and Cultural Features and Landmarks in the Chicago city - including Historical Features

Distance is calculated from the Chicago city center coordinates

Distance limit:

Random list of Geographic Features located within the radius of 3 miles from the Chicago city center

Building

  • Chicago Fire Department District 1 Station 16 [3.02 mi] [4.86 km]
  • McKinley Park Field House [0.96 mi] [1.55 km]
  • Crawford Generating Station [2.2 mi] [3.54 km]
  • Chicago Fire Department District 1 Station 29 [2.09 mi] [3.37 km]
  • Chicago Engine Company 29 [2.1 mi] [3.37 km]
  • Ellis Inn (historical) [3.81 mi] [6.13 km]
  • Research Institute Tower [2.84 mi] [4.57 km]

Church

  • New Thessalonia Missionary Baptist Church [2.81 mi] [4.53 km]
  • Prayer Band Pentecostal Church [3.53 mi] [5.68 km]
  • Blackwell Memorial African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church [3.86 mi] [6.21 km]
  • All Souls Unitarian Church [3.83 mi] [6.17 km]
  • Church of the Holy Angels [3.75 mi] [6.03 km]
  • Memorial Baptist Church [3.91 mi] [6.3 km]
  • Brighton Park Presbyterian Church [1.3 mi] [2.09 km]
  • South Central Church of Christ [3.87 mi] [6.22 km]
  • First Gideon Baptist Church [3.99 mi] [6.42 km]
  • Saint Agnes Roman Catholic Church [1.12 mi] [1.8 km]
  • Beersheba Baptist Church [3.38 mi] [5.44 km]
  • Crusaders Center Mission Church of God in Christ [3.34 mi] [5.37 km]
  • Paradise Strangers Home Missionary Baptist Church [3.75 mi] [6.04 km]
  • Saint Josephs Baptist Church [2.27 mi] [3.65 km]
  • Saint Joseph and Saint Anne Catholic Church [1.08 mi] [1.73 km]
  • Jehovahs Witnesses East Congregation [1.65 mi] [2.66 km]
  • New True Vine Baptist Church [3.17 mi] [5.09 km]
  • Beulah Community Baptist Church [3.2 mi] [5.15 km]
  • Apostolic Faith Church [3.24 mi] [5.22 km]
  • Saints Peter and Paul Roman Catholic Church [1.12 mi] [1.8 km]
  • Saint Thomas Episcopal Church [3.07 mi] [4.94 km]
  • Travelers Rest Baptist Church [3.19 mi] [5.13 km]
  • Nativity of Our Lord Catholic Church [2.12 mi] [3.41 km]
  • Saint Andrew Lutheran Church [0.9 mi] [1.44 km]
  • McKinley Park United Methodist Church [0.68 mi] [1.1 km]
  • Saint Maurice Roman Catholic Church [0.7 mi] [1.12 km]
  • Saint Philippus United Church of Christ [0.67 mi] [1.08 km]
  • Turner Memorial African Methodist Episcopal Church [3.25 mi] [5.23 km]
  • Bethany Baptist Church [0.61 mi] [0.98 km]
  • Our Lady of Good Counsel Roman Catholic Church [0.86 mi] [1.38 km]
  • Family Pray Band Holiness Church [2.65 mi] [4.27 km]
  • Indiana Avenue Pentecostal Church of God [3.11 mi] [5 km]
  • Memorial Baptist Church (historical) [3.47 mi] [5.59 km]
  • Sixth Grace United Presbyterian Church [3.64 mi] [5.85 km]

Crossing

  • Interchange 287 [2.4 mi] [3.86 km]
  • Interchange 55B [2.81 mi] [4.52 km]
  • Interchange 288 [1.28 mi] [2.06 km]

Locale

  • Central Manufacturing District-Pershing Road Development [1.12 mi] [1.81 km]
  • Five Crossings [3.97 mi] [6.39 km]
  • Brighton Park Race Track (historical) [0.85 mi] [1.37 km]
  • Brighton Park Station [0.84 mi] [1.35 km]
  • Hawthorne Racetrack [3.5 mi] [5.63 km]
  • Brighton Stock Yards (historical) [0.72 mi] [1.16 km]
  • Central Manufacturing District [1.39 mi] [2.24 km]
  • U S Cellular Field [2.52 mi] [4.06 km]
  • Sportsmans Park Racetrack [3.62 mi] [5.82 km]
  • Victory [3.39 mi] [5.45 km]

Military

  • Chicago Quartermaster Depot (historical) [1.18 mi] [1.9 km]

Park

  • McKinley Park [0.93 mi] [1.5 km]
  • Madden Park [3.51 mi] [5.65 km]
  • Donovan Playground [1.85 mi] [2.98 km]
  • Ellis Park [3.74 mi] [6.03 km]
  • Douglas Monument Park [3.81 mi] [6.13 km]

Populated Place

  • Corwith [1.68 mi] [2.71 km]
  • Ida B Wells Housing Project [3.64 mi] [5.86 km]
  • Aldine Square [3.65 mi] [5.88 km]
  • Stateway Gardens (historical) [2.83 mi] [4.56 km]
  • Bronzeville [2.89 mi] [4.65 km]
  • Ducktown [0.55 mi] [0.88 km]

Post Office

  • Factoryville Post Office (historical) [0.85 mi] [1.37 km]

School

  • Oakland School [3.95 mi] [6.35 km]
  • N Davis Elementary School [1.42 mi] [2.29 km]
  • Holy Angels School [3.72 mi] [5.99 km]
  • Our Lady of Fatima School [1.19 mi] [1.91 km]
  • Chicago Urban Skills Institute [3.04 mi] [4.89 km]
  • Northeastern Illinois University - Center for Inner City Studies [3.86 mi] [6.21 km]
  • Saint Agnes School [1.09 mi] [1.75 km]
  • Wendell Phillips Academy High School [3.32 mi] [5.35 km]
  • Abraham Lincoln Centre [3.93 mi] [6.33 km]
  • Felician Sisters School [1.14 mi] [1.84 km]
  • Peter and Paul School [1.13 mi] [1.82 km]
  • Attucks Elementary School [2.95 mi] [4.75 km]
  • Einstein Elementary School [3.89 mi] [6.26 km]
  • Evergreen Academy [1.11 mi] [1.78 km]
  • Nativity of Our Lord School [2.19 mi] [3.53 km]
  • Bridgeport Academy South [2.14 mi] [3.45 km]
  • Saint Andrews School [0.91 mi] [1.47 km]
  • Mayo Elementary School [3.3 mi] [5.31 km]
  • Saint Maurice School [0.74 mi] [1.19 km]
  • Donoghue Elementary School [3.86 mi] [6.21 km]
  • Abbott Elementary School [2.58 mi] [4.15 km]
  • Raymond Elementary School (historical) [3.02 mi] [4.87 km]
  • Burroughs School [0.8 mi] [1.29 km]
  • McKinley Park Catholic-Our Lady of Good Counsel School (historical) [0.87 mi] [1.4 km]
  • Greene Elementary School [0.96 mi] [1.54 km]
  • Longfellow School [0.71 mi] [1.14 km]
  • McClellan Elementary School [2.17 mi] [3.5 km]
  • Martial Arts Systems Judo and Karate School [1.89 mi] [3.04 km]
  • Doolittle Inter-Upper Elementary School (historical) [3.56 mi] [5.73 km]
  • Saint Joseph Carondelet Child Care Center [3.8 mi] [6.11 km]
  • Eulien Barber College [3.23 mi] [5.19 km]
  • Everett Elementary School [0.43 mi] [0.69 km]

Stream

  • Bubbly Creek (historical) [1.49 mi] [2.4 km]

Photos from the Chicago city

Photos provided by Panoramio. Photos are under the copyright of their owners.

Photos on Map - Chicago city, Illinois

Map of Chicago city, Illinois

Current weather situation in the Chicago city

City Alias ZIP Codes
AlsipChicago60803
ChicagoAmerican National Bank60678
ChicagoAmf Ohare60666
ChicagoAshburn Park60652
ChicagoBank Of America60674, 60693, 60682, 60696, 60697
ChicagoBedford Park60629, 60638
ChicagoBedford Pk60629
ChicagoBurnham60633
ChicagoCalumet Park60643
ChicagoCharles A Hayes60649
ChicagoChase Bank60670, 60673
ChicagoChestnut Street60610
ChicagoChicago60641, 60642, 60696, 60643, 60644, 60645, 60646, 60647, 60649, 60651, 60661, 60636, 60640, 60701, 60629, 60630, 60631, 60632, 60699, 60633, 60634, 60637, 60697, 60638, 60654, 60639, 60652, 60653, 60691, 60675, 60677, 60690, 60678, 60680, 60681, 60682, 60688, 60684, 60685, 60686, 60674, 60693, 60673, 60655, 60656, 60657, 60659, 60660, 60695, 60664, 60694, 60666, 60668, 60669, 60670, 60687, 60618, 60623, 60610, 60622, 60611, 60290, 60603, 60621, 60620, 60613, 60619, 60612, 60615, 60617, 60689, 60609, 60601, 60628, 60614, 60626, 60604, 60605, 60606, 60616, 60624, 60602, 60625, 60608, 60607
ChicagoChicago Lawn60629
ChicagoClearing60638
ChicagoCna Center60685
ChicagoCommonwealth Edison60668
ChicagoCragin60639
ChicagoDaniel J Doffyn60618
ChicagoDiv Of Postal Inspectors60669
ChicagoElsdon60632
ChicagoEnglewood60621
ChicagoFifth Third Bank60689
ChicagoFleet60696
ChicagoForest View60638
ChicagoFort Dearborn60611, 60610
ChicagoGraceland60657
ChicagoGrand Crossing60619
ChicagoHarris Bank60694
ChicagoHarwood Heights60656
ChicagoHarwood Hts60656
ChicagoHegewisch60633
ChicagoHenry Mcgee60653, 60615
ChicagoJackson Park60637
ChicagoJefferson60630
ChicagoJefferson Park60630
ChicagoJefferson Pk60630
ChicagoJohn Buchanan60617
ChicagoJp Morgan Chase60670, 60673, 60695
ChicagoJt Weeker Isc60290, 60688
ChicagoLakeview60613
ChicagoLincoln Park60614
ChicagoLincolnwood60646
ChicagoMary Alice Henry60624
ChicagoMerchandise Mart60654
ChicagoMerrionett Pk60655
ChicagoMerrionette Park60655
ChicagoMorgan Park60643
ChicagoNancy B Jefferson60612
ChicagoNational City Bank60686
ChicagoNorridge60656
ChicagoNorthern Trust Co60675
ChicagoNorwood Park60631
ChicagoOgden Park60636
ChicagoOntario Street60611
ChicagoOtis Grant Collins60623
ChicagoPeoples Gas And Light60687
ChicagoPilsen60608
ChicagoPnc Bank60677
ChicagoRavenswood60625
ChicagoRev.milton R.brunson Station60644
ChicagoRobert Leflore Jr.60651
ChicagoRoberto Clemente60647
ChicagoRoger P. Mc Auliffe60634
ChicagoRogers Park60660, 60626
ChicagoRoseland60628
ChicagoSears Tower60684
ChicagoState Of Il60664
ChicagoStickney60638
ChicagoStock Yards60609
ChicagoTwenty Second Street60616
ChicagoUsps District Chicago60699
Chicago HeightsChicago Heights60412, 60411
Chicago HeightsChicago Hts60412, 60411
Chicago HeightsFord Heights60411
Chicago HeightsLynwood60411
Chicago HeightsOtto Mall60411
Chicago HeightsS Chicago Hei60411
Chicago HeightsS Chicago Heights60411
Chicago HeightsS Chicago Hts60411
Chicago HeightsSauk Village60411
Chicago HeightsSouth Chicago Heights60411
Chicago RidgeChicago Ridge60415
CiceroChicago60804
Elmwood ParkChicago60707
Evergreen ParkChicago60805
Great LakesNorth Chicago60088
Harwood HeightsChicago60706
LincolnwoodChicago60712
North ChicagoAbbott Park60064
North ChicagoDowney60064
North ChicagoNorth Chicago60086, 60064
North ChicagoSelective Service60086
RiverdaleChicago60827
South WilmingtonChicago Heights60474
StegerChicago Heights60475
StegerChicago Hts60475
West ChicagoNorthwoods60185
West ChicagoWest Chicago60186, 60185

Are you from Chicago city or have to say something about this place?